In 1920, suffragette Carrie Chapman Catt founded the League of Women Voters to help women fulfill their new responsibilities as voters. Today, the men and women of the LWV carry on that legacy. We are a nonpartisan political organization that encourages the informed and active participation of citizens in government, works to increase understanding of major public policy issues, and influences public policy through education and advocacy. In the Bluegrass State, the League of Women Voters of Kentucky is proud to carry on that legacy.
One of every 11 Kentucky citizens of voting age, or 312,000 people, cannot vote according to Felony Disenfranchisement in the Commonwealth of Kentucky, an updated 2017 report of the Kentucky League of Women Voters. In Kentucky, persons convicted of felony offenses permanently lose their right to vote. Because of this restriction, 26 percent of African Americans of voting age are disenfranchised, meaning one in every four members of the African American community are excluded when it comes to electing their representatives at the local, state and federal levels.
Since publication of the League’s 2006 report which showed disenfranchisement of 186,000 persons, another 126,000 citizens, an increase of 68 percent, have lost their voting rights.
Kentucky is one of only four states that ban former felons from voting, ranking third in the rate of disenfranchisement overall and first in disenfranchisement of African Americans. Many states allow persons to vote once their sentences have been served and some never take away voting rights, allowing prisoners to vote.
In Kentucky, former felons may appeal to the governor to have voting rights restored, but the number of persons regaining that right is left to the discretion of the governor and has varied widely.
In 2016, the legislature enacted House Bill 40, expanding the opportunity for former felons to seek expungement of their felony convictions, which would also restore their right to vote. The application requires a five-year waiting period and a $500 fee. In the first six months after HB 40 became law, fewer than 400 applicant requests for expungement were granted, representing a fraction of the 312,000 citizens who have lost their right to vote. Many of these persons made a mistake as a young person. They are now working, paying taxes and participating as citizens in everything but the most important aspect of being a U.S. citizen – voting. The League reports that the restoration of voting rights promotes rehabilitation and reintegration into the community and cites public opinion surveys showing eight in ten U.S. residents support voting rights for citizens who have completed their sentence.
We applaud Governor Matt Bevin, Justice Cabinet Secretary John Tilley and Senator Whitney Westerfield, who are promoting Senate Bill 120 to provide supports for former felons to make a smooth and successful transition from prison to their communities and employment. We would suggest, however, that restoring the right to vote should be included in the many ways SB 120 helps felons re-enter society. Restoration of voting rights is another way to help these citizens become contributing members of their communities and to reduce recidivism, thus saving the state the high cost of additional convictions and incarceration.
We support Senate Bill 120. We also support legislation that would expand the opportunity for expungement of felonies and reduce application fees. We ask the governor to expeditiously restore felons’ right to vote by issuing executive pardons to those who have applied. In addition, we ask legislators to support Senate Bill 69 or House Bill 170 which would put a constitutional amendment on the ballot allowing citizens to decide whether to automatically restore voting rights to those who have made mistakes but paid their debt to society.
Terry Naydan and Nita Smith, Co-Presidents
League of Women Voters of Kentucky
The League’s report, Felon Disenfranchisement in Kentucky, can be found at https://lwvky.org/about/publications/
Published by the Lexington Herald-Leader, 2/21/17; The Courier-Journal, 2/22/17
February 6, 2017
For Immediate Release
Contact: Terry Naydan or Nita Smith, Co-Presidents
502-875-6481 or firstname.lastname@example.org
2017 REPORT: KENTUCKY FELONY VOTING LAW BARS OVER 312,000 FROM POLLS;
126,000 MORE BANNED SINCE 2006 REPORT
- Kentucky one of four states to ban former felons from voting
- Kentucky #3 in rate of disenfranchisement
- Kentucky #1 in disenfranchisement of African Americans
- 312,000 currently disenfranchised, 126,000 more than reported in 2006 study
Frankfort, KY – The League of Women Voters of Kentucky released a state report today, Felony Disenfranchisement in the Commonwealth of Kentucky showing Kentucky has the third highest rate of citizens and the highest rate of African Americans who have lost their right to vote despite completing their full felony sentence. This report is an updated version of similar studies conducted in 2006 and 2013.
According to the report, Kentucky is one of only four states to enforce lifetime voting bans on all persons with felony convictions resulting in the disenfranchisement of over 312,000 residents. This is an increase of more than 68,000 since the figures reported by the League in 2013 and 126,000 since the 2006 report.
One of every 11 adults in Kentucky is ineligible to vote due to a previous felony conviction, a rate of 9.1 percent, nearly three times the national average of 2.47 percent or one in 40. Among African Americans, almost one in four is disenfranchised, a rate of 26.2 percent, more than triple the national rate of 9.1 percent. The report also finds that 92 percent of those disenfranchised live in the community and 78 percent have completed their full sentence.
In 2001, the Kentucky General Assembly passed legislation to simplify voter restoration for people with previous convictions resulting in an increase in restoration of voting rights, from 831 in 2000 to 1,231 in 2003. After a 2004 change in gubernatorial policy requiring an essay and three character references, there was a dramatic decline in applications and approvals to 164 in 2006. Changes in 2008 with a new governor, resulted in an improvement in the numbers, 10,479 between 2008 and 2015.
In 2015, then-Gov. Steve Beshear issued an order that restored voting rights to individuals with non-violent felony convictions who had completed their sentences and met other criteria. That order also established a process by which qualifying citizens’ voting rights would be restored as they completed their sentences. In late 2015 Gov. Matt Bevin rescinded that order and replaced it with Kentucky’s prior procedure. That procedure requires individuals who have completed their full sentence to submit an application detailing their convictions and sentences served. As of October 2016, no restoration orders had been issued.
Enactment of House Bill 40 in 2016 allowed persons with certain Class D felony convictions to have those convictions vacated and expunged. Since the law took effect in July, fewer than 389 persons have had their voting rights restored.
The League has a longstanding belief that “voting is a fundamental expression of citizenship and every citizen of our Commonwealth should be protected in the right to vote,” according to the new report. Kentucky League co-president, Dr. Terry Naydan said, “When we show felons who have paid their debt to society that they are allowed to vote, we are saying that they are citizens again. Studies show that the rate of recidivism goes down when a felon feels he/she can fully participate in our democracy.”
League recommendations include providing:
- A ballot measure to allow Kentucky voters to decide whether people living in the community and who have completed their full sentence have their voting rights restored automatically
- Increased assistance to eligible persons with the restoration of voting rights application process
- Increasing public education about the process of restoring voting rights and available resources to help those wishing to vote
- Annual release of data on the number of people applying for restoration of voting rights and expungement of felony records and the number approved and denied
- Reduction and/or waiver of the $500 application fee for expungement of felony records.
“The League was created by women who struggled many years seeking the right to vote,” said Nita Smith, co-president of the state League. “We believe citizens who have made a mistake should have that right reinstated once they have completed their full sentence and/or parole. The League of Women Voters believes that our society is stronger when all of our citizens vote.”
The state League of Women Voters takes positions only after deliberation and consensus from local Leagues across the state.
The report, Felony Disenfranchisement in the Commonwealth of Kentucky: A Report of the League of Women Voters of Kentucky, February 2017 along with the 2006 and 2013 reports are available at lwvky.org/about/publications/.
The League of Women Voters of Kentucky, a nonpartisan political organization, encourages the informed and active participation of citizens in government, works to increase understanding of major public policy issues, and influences public policy through education and advocacy. Members include both women and men.
Resources on the Expungement Process
Expungement Guidebook, Clean Slate Kentucky
Lawyers Guide to Expungement in Kentucky, Clean Slate Kentucky
Your Winter 2017 Kentucky Voter is now available. Learn about:
- League Day at the Capitol – Feb. 7
- Legislation passed in the first week of the 2017 General Assembly
- 10 Ways to Defend our Democracy and
- League member participation in the March on Washington and Sister Marches with lots of photos!
Join us at the Capitol for League Day, February 7, 10:00 a.m. Room 125, Capitol Annex. Call 502-875-6481 to let us know you are planning to attend.
October 4, 2016
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Contact: Terry Naydan, co-president 502-875-6481
Nita Smith, co-president, 859-948-4541
Cindy Heine, Candidate Debate Coordinator, 859-351-9419
LOUISVILLE, Ky. — The League of Women Voters of Kentucky has canceled its planned U.S. Senate debate between Sen. Rand Paul and his challenger Lexington Mayor Jim Gray after Paul declined to participate. Gray had accepted the invitation.
U.SThe debate was scheduled for October 30 at the University of Kentucky and was to be broadcast live on WKYT in Lexington, WLKY in Louisville, and other television stations serving the state. Other sponsors of the debate included The Lexington Herald-Leader and University of Kentucky Student Government.
“Research conducted on voter behavior and participation shows that not only does the public expect candidates to participate in voter education activities but it also found that voters are more likely to vote when they know who the candidates are and where they stand on issues,” said Dr. Terry Naydan, co-president of the League of Women Voters of Kentucky. When candidates choose not to participate, it is a loss for the voters.”
Invitations for the debate were first sent to the Republican senator and his Democratic opponent shortly after the May primaries.
The League of Women Voters of Kentucky is a nonpartisan political organization that encourages informed and active participation in government. It works to increase understanding of major public policy issues and to influence public policy through education and advocacy. The League does not endorse, or oppose, political candidates or parties.
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Here is your Summer 2016 Kentucky Voter with reports from LWV US Convention and LWV Kentucky Council highlighting program issues for the coming year. Be sure to read the addendum, “Let’s Clean up the Campaign Finance Me$$,” outlining the NEW LWVUS position on Money in Politics. Also, view the video used to introduce Kentucky at LWV US Convention, prepared by co-presidents, Terry Naydan and Nita Smith and produced by Tammy Fagley! Enjoy!!